The Influence of Ice-Breaking Application on the Mathematics Learning Motivation of Elementary School Students

  • Listiana Ayu Pratiwi Mathematics Education, Singaperbangsa University of Karawang, Indonesian
  • Iyan Rosita Dewi Nur Mathematics Education, Singaperbangsa University of Karawang, Indonesian
Keywords: Ice-Breaking, Motivation to Learn Mathematics


One of the efforts used so that students' motivation to learn mathematics can rise is by giving ice-breaking in learning mathematics. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ice-breaking on the mathematics learning motivation of elementary school students. This study uses a quantitative type with a pre-experimental research design. The research design used was One group Pretest-Posttest Design with a sample of 17 students of SD class V. Data collection techniques were carried out by giving learning motivation questionnaires before treatment (ice-breaking) and after treatment (ice-breaking). breaking). Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistics in the form of hypothesis testing using t-test. From the results of hypothesis testing using t-test, it is known that there is a difference in average motivation to learn before and after ice-breaking. The average motivation to learn after ice-breaking is higher than before ice-breaking. Thus it can be concluded that there is an effect of giving ice-breaking on learning motivation.


Arfani, L. (2016). Understanding the Nature of Education, Learning, and Education. The Light of the Nation Preserving Pancasila, 11(2), 81–97.

Arikunto, S. (2013). Research Procedure A Practical Approach. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Arimbawa, I. K., Suarjana, I. M., & Arini, N. W. (2017). The Impact of Using an Icebreaker on Elementary School Students’ Learning Motivation. E-Journal of Ganesha University of Education’s PGSD, 1(1), 1–8. file:///E:/jurnal skripsi/37-10727-1-SM.pdf.

Crysanta, I., Sitio, H., Batu, L. L., & Pasaribu, H. (2020). The Impact of Ice Breaking on Third Grade Students’ Interest in Learning at State Elementary School 091484 Jorlang Hataran, Hataran District. In Strategies to Learn During a Pandemic, 119.

Dahlan, M. M. (2019). Blogging For Business: Impact In Sales Volume And Operational Cost. GSJ, 7(1).

Febriandari, E. I., Khakiim, U., & Pratama, N. A. E. (2018). Influence of Teacher Creativity on Implementing Ice Breaking and Learning Motivation to Improve Elementary Students’ Learning Outcomes. Journal of Research and Conceptual Development, 3(4), 498.

Heruman. (2007). Mathematics Learning Model in Elementary School. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Khoerunisa, T., & Amirudin, A. (2020). The Effect of Ice Breaking on Students’ Learning Motivation in Science Subjects at Class III Nuurusshiddiiq Kedaung Cirebon Integrated Islamic Elementary School. EduBase : Journal of Basic Education, 1(1), 84.

Lestari, E. (2014). The Influence of Family Environment and Learning Motivation on the Mathematics Learning Achievement of Fourth Grade Students in the Turi District of Sleman Yogyakarta, 2014/2015. The Journal PGSD of Yogyakarta, 3(2), 6.

Lestari, W., Pratama, L. D., & Jailani, J. (2018). Implementation of the STAD Type Cooperative Setting Scientific Approach to Mathematical Learning Motivation and Achievement. AKSIOMA : Mathematics and Mathematics Education Journal, 9(1), 29.

Montolalu, C. E. J. C., & Langi, Y. A. . (2018). The Impact of Basic Computer and Information Technology Training for Teachers, Using a Paired Sample T-Test. D’CARTESIAN, 7(1), 44.

Rachmayani, D. (2014). Application of Reciprocal Teaching Learning to improve Mathematical Communication skills and Student Learning Independence. JUDIKA (Jurnal Pendidikan UNSIKA), 2(1).

Rahmi, R. (2018). The Relationship Between Ice-Breaking Activities and the Learning Motivation of Students in Thematic Learning. Al Adzka: Journal of Scientific Research on Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education, 8(2), 107.

Rigusti, W., & Pujiastuti, H. (2020). Ability to Solve Problems Analyzed Through the Lens of Students’ Mathematical Learning Motivation. Prima: Mathematics Education Journal, 4(1), 1.

Russefendi. (1992). Mathematics Education 3. Jakarta: Depdikbud.

Setiawan, A. (2016). The Causal Relationship of Mathematical Reasoning to Mathematics Learning Achievement in the Material of Constructing Flat Side Spaces Considering Students’ Motivation for Mathematics Learning. Al-Jabar : Mathematics Education Journal, 7(1), 91–100.

Siagian, M. D. (2016). Mathematical Connection Ability in Mathematics Learning. Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education Research. 2(1), 58–67.

Sugiyono. (2007). Administrative Research Ethodology. Jakarta : Grafindo

Sugiyono. (2010). Educational Research Methods Approach Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suharsaputra, U. (2012). Quantitative, Qualitative, and Action Research Methods. Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama.

Sunarto. (2012). Warm-up in Active Learning. Surakarta: Cakrawala Media.

Supardi. (2012). In terms of Learning Motivation, the Impact of Realistic Mathematics Learning on Mathematics Learning Outcomes. Horizon Education: Educational Science Journal, 2(2).

Suryoharjuno, K. (2019). 100+ Ice Breaker Encouraging Learning. Jakarta: Ilman Nafia.

Uno, H. B. (2016). Analysis of Motivation Theory and Its Measurement in Education. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Usmadi. (2020). Requirements Analysis for Testing (Test of Homogeneity and Test of Normality). Educational Innovation, 7(1), 50–62.